過去式：hampered 過去分詞：hampered 現在分詞：hampering
- 1. 妨礙，阻礙 The snow hampered my movements. 雪妨礙了我的行動。 The army's advance was hampered by bad weather. 部隊的推進因天氣不好而受阻。
- 2. 牽制；束縛
- 1. 障礙物；束縛
- 2. 【海】障礙船具
invest invested invested grow grew grown produce produced produced know knew known hamper hampered hampered pursue pursued pursued fear feared feared lose lost lost
..., the efforts (of women to make change) are hampered by(the efforts of internalized oppression). 然而, 仍然女性為尋求...
... on the premise that no others' freedom should be hindered / hampered / impeded / restricted / limited.前提為 premisehinder/hamper/impede...