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  1. Nightingale, Florence

    • IPA[ˈnītnɡāl]


    • ph.
      (1820–1910), English nurse and medical reformer. In 1854, during the Crimean War, she improved sanitation and medical procedures at the army hospital at Scutari, achieving a dramatic reduction in the mortality rate. She became known as the “Lady of the Lamp” for her nightly rounds.