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  1. back

    • IPA[bak]

    美式

    • n.
      the rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips;the upper surface of an animal's body that corresponds to a person's back
    • adv.
      toward the rear; in the opposite direction from the one that one is facing or traveling;expressing movement of the body into a reclining position
    • v.
      give financial, material, or moral support to;supplement in order to reinforce or strengthen
    • adj.
      of or at the back of something;situated in a remote or subsidiary position
    • noun: back, plural noun: backs

    • verb: back, 3rd person present: backs, gerund or present participle: backing, past tense: backed, past participle: backed

    • 釋義
    • 片語
    • n.
      名詞
    • 1. the rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips:

      he lay on his back

      Forbes slapped me on the back

    • 2. the upper surface of an animal's body that corresponds to a person's back:

      the adults have white bodies with gray backs

    • 3. the spine of a person or animal.
    • 4. the part of a chair against which the sitter's back rests.
    • 5. the part of a garment that covers a person's back:

      a top with a scooped neckline and a low back

    • 6. a person's back regarded as carrying a load or bearing an imposition:

      they wanted the government off their backs

    • 7. the side or part of something that is away from the spectator or from the direction in which it moves or faces; the rear:

      at the back of the hotel is a secluded garden

      an empty spot in the back of the plane

    • 8. the position directly behind someone or something:

      she unbuttoned her dress from the back

    • 9. the side or part of an object opposed to the one that is normally seen or used; the less active, visible, or important part of something:

      write on the back of a postcard

      he wiped his mouth with the back of his hand

    • 10. a player in a field game whose initial position is behind the front line:

      their backs showed some impressive running and passing

    • adv.
      副詞
    • 1. toward the rear; in the opposite direction from the one that one is facing or traveling:

      she moved back a pace

      she walked away without looking back

    • 2. expressing movement of the body into a reclining position:

      he leaned back in his chair

      sit back and relax

    • 3. at a distance away:

      I thought you were miles back

      the officer pushed the crowd back

    • 4. behind:

      he knew that other people were back of him

    • 5. expressing a return to an earlier or normal condition:

      she put the book back on the shelf

      drive to Montreal and back

    • 6. at a place previously left or mentioned:

      the folks back home are counting on him

    • 7. fashionable again:

      sideburns are back

    • 8. in or into the past:

      he made his fortune back in 1955

    • 9. in return:

      they wrote back to me

    • v.
      動詞
    • 1. give financial, material, or moral support to:

      he had a newspaper empire backing him

      go up there and tell them—I'll back you up

    • 2. supplement in order to reinforce or strengthen:

      U.S. troops were backed up by forces from European countries

    • 3. be in favor of:

      over 97 percent backed the changes

    • 4. (in popular music) provide musical accompaniment to (a singer or musician):

      brisk guitar work backed by drums, bass, fiddle, and accordion

    • 5. bet money on (a person or animal) winning a race or contest:

      he backed the horse at 33–1

    • 6. cover the back of (an object) in order to support, protect, or decorate it:

      a mirror backed with tortoiseshell

    • 7. walk or drive backward:

      she tried to back away

      the administration backed away from the plan

    • 8. (of the wind) change direction counterclockwise around the points of the compass:

      the wind had backed to the northwest

    • 9. put (a sail) aback in order to slow the vessel down.
    • 10. (of a property) have its back adjacent to (a piece of land or body of water):

      his garage wall backs onto the neighboring property

      a row of cottages backed on the water

    • 11. lie behind or at the back of:

      the promenade is backed by lots of cafes

    • 12. put a song or piece of music on the less important side of (a recording):

      the new single is backed with a track from the LP

    • adj.
      形容詞
    • 1. of or at the back of something:

      the back garden

      the back pocket of his jeans

    • 2. situated in a remote or subsidiary position:

      back roads

    • 3. (especially of wages or something published or released) from or relating to the past:

      she was owed back pay

    • 4. directed toward the rear or in a reversed course:

      back currents

    • 5. (of a sound) articulated at the back of the mouth:

      a long back vowel, as in 'dance' or 'bath'

  2. 知識+

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