- an instance of a particular situation; an example of something occurring；the situation affecting or relating to a particular person or thing; one's circumstances or position
noun: case, plural noun: cases
- 1. an instance of a particular situation; an example of something occurring a case of mistaken identity in many cases, valid statistics are not available 同義詞
- ▪ the situation affecting or relating to a particular person or thing; one's circumstances or position I'll make an exception in your case 同義詞
- ▪ an incident or set of circumstances under police investigation a murder case 同義詞
- 2. an instance of a disease or problem 200,000 cases of hepatitis B 同義詞
- ▪ a person or their particular problem requiring or receiving medical or welfare attention most breast cancer cases were older women urgent cases were turned away from the hospital
- ▪ informal a person whose situation is regarded as pitiable or as having no chance of improvement Vicky was a very sad case
- ▪ informal, dated an amusing or eccentric person.
- 3. a legal action, especially one to be decided in a court of law a libel case a former employee brought the case against the council 同義詞
- ▪ a set of facts or arguments supporting one side in a legal action the case for the defense
- ▪ a legal action that has been decided and may be cited as a precedent.
- ▪ a set of facts or arguments supporting one side of a debate or controversy the case against tobacco advertising 同義詞
- 4. any of the inflected forms of a noun, adjective, or pronoun that express the semantic relation of the word to other words in the sentence the accusative case 同義詞
- ▪ the relation of a grammatical case to other words in the sentence, whether indicated by inflection or not English normally expresses case by the use of prepositions