- an instance of a particular situation; an example of something occurring；the situation affecting or relating to a particular person or thing
noun: case, plural noun: cases
- 1. an instance of a particular situation; an example of something occurring a case of mistaken identity in many cases farmers do have a deep feeling for their land 同義詞
- ▪ the situation affecting or relating to a particular person or thing I'll make an exception in your case 同義詞
- ▪ an incident or set of circumstances under official investigation by the police a murder case 同義詞
- 2. an instance of a disease, injury, or problem 200,000 cases of hepatitis B 同義詞
- ▪ a person or their particular problem requiring or receiving medical or welfare attention most breast cancer cases were older women the local social services discussed Gemma's case
- ▪ informal a person whose situation is regarded as pitiable or as having no chance of improvement Vicky was a very sad case
- ▪ informal, dated an amusing or eccentric person.
- 3. a legal action, especially one to be decided in a court of law a libel case a former employee brought the case against the council 同義詞
- ▪ a set of facts or arguments supporting one side in a legal case the case for the defence
- ▪ a set of facts or arguments supporting one side of a debate or controversy the case against tobacco advertising 同義詞
- ▪ an agreed summary of the facts relating to a legal case, drawn up for review or decision on a point of law by a higher court.
- 4. any of the forms of a noun, adjective, or pronoun that express the semantic relation of the word to other words in the sentence the accusative case 同義詞