過去式：confounded 過去分詞：confounded 現在分詞：confounding
- 1. 使混亂；使困惑；使不知所措
Our clever tactics confounded our opponents. 我們的巧妙戰術弄得對手不知所措。
- 2. 混淆；弄錯[（+with）]
Don't confound the means with the ends. 不要把手段和目的混淆起來。
- 3. 討厭；該死
- 4. 【古】使羞愧
- 5. 【古】挫敗；毀壞
Possible confounding factors related both to occupation and...however, income was not considered a confounding factor since the bus drivers had the same...
...two groups’compressing effects under adjusting the confounding factors like gender, age, medication, pre-compressing blood pressure etc...
... of a genie who gets involved and consequently has the two confound each other’s affection. In the last there comes the havoc that ...