- toward or in a lower place or position, especially to or on the ground or another surface；at or to a specified distance below
- from a higher to a lower point of (something)；at or to a lower part of (a river or stream); nearer the sea
- directed or moving toward a lower place or position；unhappy or depressed
- knock or bring to the ground；put (the ball) out of play deliberately by touching one's knee to the ground while holding the ball or touching the ball itself to the ground
- a period of unwelcome experiences or negative mood；a chance for a team to advance the ball, ending when the ball carrier is tackled or the ball becomes out of play. A team must advance at least ten yards in a series of four downs in order to keep possession.
verb: down, 3rd person present: downs, gerund or present participle: downing, past tense: downed, past participle: downed
noun: down, plural noun: downs
- 1. toward or in a lower place or position, especially to or on the ground or another surface she looked down the sun started to go down 同義詞 反義詞
- ▪ at or to a specified distance below you can plainly see the bottom 35 feet down 同義詞
- ▪ downstairs I went down to put the kettle on 同義詞 反義詞
- ▪ expressing movement or position away from the north they're living down south
- ▪ to or at a place perceived as lower (often expressing casualness or lack of hurry) I'd rather be down at the villa I'm going down to the arcade
- ▪ British away from the capital or major city there are eight trains a day, four up and four down
- ▪ British away from a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge he was down from Oxford
- ▪ (with reference to food or drink swallowed) in or into the stomach she couldn't keep anything down
- ▪ so as to lie or be fixed flush or flat she stuck down a Christmas label
- ▪ used as a command to a person or animal to sit or lie down down, boy!
- ▪ a crossword answer that reads vertically how many letters in fifteen down?
- 2. to or at a lower level of intensity, volume, or activity keep the noise down the panic was dying down
- ▪ to or at a lower price, value, or rank output was down by 20 percent soup is down from 59 cents to 49 cents
- ▪ to a finer consistency, a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more basic state I must slim down a bit a formal statement that can't be edited down
- ▪ from an earlier to a later point in time or order everyone, from the president down to the guy selling hot dogs, is outraged
- 3. in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition the disclosures brought down some of the biggest names in the business he was down with the flu
- ▪ losing or at a disadvantage by a specified amount the Braves, down 7–6, rallied for two runs in the sixth inning
- ▪ used to express progress through a series of tasks or items one down and only six more to go
- ▪ (of a computer system) out of action or unavailable for use (especially temporarily) the system went down yesterday
- ▪ shouted to express strong dislike of a specified person or thing crowds chanted “Down with bureaucracy!”
- 4. in or into writing taking down notes I just write down whatever comes into my head
- ▪ on or onto a list, schedule, or record I'll put you down for the evening shift
- 5. (with reference to partial payment of a sum of money) made initially or on the spot pay $500 down and the rest at the end of the month
- 6. (of sailing) with the current or the wind.
- ▪ (of a ship's helm) moved around to leeward so that the rudder is to windward and the vessel swings toward the wind.
- 7. (of the ball or a player in possession) not in play, typically because forward progress has been stopped.
- 1. from a higher to a lower point of (something) up and down the stairs tears streaming down her face 同義詞 反義詞
- ▪ at or to a lower part of (a river or stream); nearer the sea a dozen miles or so down the Mississippi
- ▪ moving or at a point further along the course of (something) he lived down the street I wandered down the road 同義詞
- ▪ informal at or to (a place) tired of going down to the pub every night
- 2. throughout (a period of time) astrologers down the ages 同義詞
- 1. directed or moving toward a lower place or position the down escalator click on the down arrow
- 2. unhappy or depressed he's been so down lately 同義詞 反義詞
- 3. (of a computer system) temporarily out of action or unavailable sorry, but the computer's down 同義詞 反義詞
- 4. US informal supporting or going along with someone or something you got to be down with me she was totally down for a selfie
- ▪ aware of and following the latest fashion a seriously down, hip-hop homie
- 5. denoting a flavor (variety) of stable quark having relatively low mass and an electric charge of −1/3. In the Standard Model protons and neutrons are composed of up and down quarks.
- 1. knock or bring to the ground 175 enemy aircraft had been downed he struck Slater on the face, downing him 同義詞
- ▪ put (the ball) out of play deliberately by touching one's knee to the ground while holding the ball or touching the ball itself to the ground Jones downed the ball in the end zone
- 2. consume (something, typically a drink) he downed a six-pack 同義詞
- ▪ (of a golfer) sink (a putt) he downed a 20-foot putt for victory
- 1. informal a period of unwelcome experiences or negative mood there had been more downs than ups during his years at the company everyone gets their downs, their depressive periods 同義詞 反義詞
- 2. a chance for a team to advance the ball, ending when the ball carrier is tackled or the ball becomes out of play. A team must advance at least ten yards in a series of four downs in order to keep possession.