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  1. down

    • IPA[doun]


    • adv.
      toward or in a lower place or position, especially to or on the ground or another surface;at or to a specified distance below
    • prep.
      from a higher to a lower point of (something);at or to a lower part of (a river or stream); nearer the sea
    • adj.
      directed or moving toward a lower place or position;unhappy or depressed
    • v.
      knock or bring to the ground;put (the ball) out of play deliberately by touching one's knee to the ground while holding the ball or touching the ball itself to the ground
    • n.
      a period of unwelcome experiences or negative mood;a chance for a team to advance the ball, ending when the ball carrier is tackled or the ball becomes out of play. A team must advance at least ten yards in a series of four downs in order to keep possession.
    • verb: down, 3rd person present: downs, gerund or present participle: downing, past tense: downed, past participle: downed

    • noun: down, plural noun: downs

    • 釋義
    • 片語


    • 1. toward or in a lower place or position, especially to or on the ground or another surface she looked down the sun started to go down 同義詞 toward a lower position, downward, downstairs, toward the bottom, from top to bottom, ... 更多反義詞 up
    • at or to a specified distance below you can plainly see the bottom 35 feet down 同義詞 in a lower position, downstairs, at the bottom
    • downstairs I went down to put the kettle on 同義詞 toward a lower position, downward, downstairs, toward the bottom, from top to bottom, ... 更多反義詞 up
    • expressing movement or position away from the north they're living down south
    • to or at a place perceived as lower (often expressing casualness or lack of hurry) I'd rather be down at the villa I'm going down to the arcade
    • British away from the capital or major city there are eight trains a day, four up and four down
    • British away from a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge he was down from Oxford
    • (with reference to food or drink swallowed) in or into the stomach she couldn't keep anything down
    • so as to lie or be fixed flush or flat she stuck down a Christmas label
    • used as a command to a person or animal to sit or lie down down, boy!
    • a crossword answer that reads vertically how many letters in fifteen down?
    • 2. to or at a lower level of intensity, volume, or activity keep the noise down the panic was dying down
    • to or at a lower price, value, or rank output was down by 20 percent soup is down from 59 cents to 49 cents
    • to a finer consistency, a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more basic state I must slim down a bit a formal statement that can't be edited down
    • from an earlier to a later point in time or order everyone, from the president down to the guy selling hot dogs, is outraged
    • 3. in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition the disclosures brought down some of the biggest names in the business he was down with the flu
    • losing or at a disadvantage by a specified amount the Braves, down 7–6, rallied for two runs in the sixth inning
    • used to express progress through a series of tasks or items one down and only six more to go
    • (of a computer system) out of action or unavailable for use (especially temporarily) the system went down yesterday
    • shouted to express strong dislike of a specified person or thing crowds chanted “Down with bureaucracy!”
    • 4. in or into writing taking down notes I just write down whatever comes into my head
    • on or onto a list, schedule, or record I'll put you down for the evening shift
    • 5. (with reference to partial payment of a sum of money) made initially or on the spot pay $500 down and the rest at the end of the month
    • 6. (of sailing) with the current or the wind.
    • (of a ship's helm) moved around to leeward so that the rudder is to windward and the vessel swings toward the wind.
    • 7. (of the ball or a player in possession) not in play, typically because forward progress has been stopped.