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  1. espionage

    • IPA[ˈespēəˌnäZH]

    美式

    • n.
      the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information
    • noun: espionage

    • 釋義
    • 相關詞

    名詞

    • 1. the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information the camouflage and secrecy of espionage
    • n.
      spying directed towards discovering the secrets of a rival manufacturer or other industrial company.

    Oxford Dictionary

    • n.
      activities designed to prevent or thwart spying by an enemy: the Security Service have responsibility for counter-espionage a small counter-espionage unit

    Oxford Dictionary

    • n.
      spying directed toward discovering the secrets of a rival manufacturer or other industrial company.

    Oxford American Dictionary

    • 更多解釋
    • IPA[ˈɛspɪənɑːʒ]

    英式

    • n.
      the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and ... the camouflage and secrecy of espionage

    Oxford Dictionary