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  1. penance

    • IPA[ˈpenəns]

    美式

    • n.
      voluntary self-punishment inflicted as an outward expression of repentance for having done wrong;a Christian sacrament in which a member of the Church confesses sins to a priest and is given absolution.
    • v.
      impose a penance on
    • noun: penance, plural noun: penances

    • 釋義

    名詞

    • 1. voluntary self-punishment inflicted as an outward expression of repentance for having done wrong he had done public penance for those hasty words
    • 2. a Christian sacrament in which a member of the Church confesses sins to a priest and is given absolution.
    • a religious observance or other duty required of a person by a priest as part of this sacrament to indicate repentance.

    動詞

    • 1. archaic impose a penance on a hair shirt to penance him for his folly in offending
    • 更多解釋
    • IPA[ˈpɛnəns]

    英式

    • n.
      punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrongdoing: he had done public penance for those hasty words
    • v.
      impose a penance on: the Bishop penanced him severely for his conduct

    Oxford Dictionary