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  1. reference

    • IPA[ˈrefərəns]



    • n.
    • vt.
    • 過去式:referenced 過去分詞:referenced 現在分詞:referencing

    • 名詞複數:references

    • 釋義
    • 同反義


    • 1. 提及 the work is full of biblical references 這部作品通篇多處引用《聖經》 a reference to sb./sth. 對某人/某事物的提及
    • 2. 引用 to make reference to sb./sth. 引用某人的話/某作品
    • 3. 考慮 to do sth. with/without reference to sb./sth. 考慮/不考慮某人/某事物就做某事
    • 4. 參考; 不請示…就做某事 for easy reference, we recommend the pocket edition 為方便查閱,我們推薦袖珍本 for future reference 以備日後參考
    • 5. 關係 reference to sb./sth. 與某人/某事物的關係 this has no reference to the matter in hand 這與手頭的問題沒關係
    • 6. 引文出處 a reference to sb./sth. 關於某人/某事的引文
    • 7. 參考文獻 what are your references for this? 你的這份東西的參考文獻是哪些? a list of references 參考書目
    • 8. 編號
    • 9. 推薦信 to give or write sb. a reference 給某人寫推薦信
    • 10. 推薦人 to be/act as a reference for sb. 是/做某人的推薦人
    • 11. 標示 the map reference is Y4 地圖編號是Y4
    • 12. 所指


    • 1. 為…附參考資料 the book is not well referenced 這本書的參考書目不全 the quotation isn't referenced 這段引文未註明出處
    • 2. 引用…作參考


    1. the action of mentioning or alluding to something

    2. a source of information cited in a book or article

    3. the sending of a matter to an authority for decision or consideration

    4. a letter from a previous employer testifying to someone's ability or reliability, used when applying for a new job