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  1. rough

    • IPA[rʌf]

    英式

    • adj.
      having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level;denoting the face of a tennis or squash racket on which the loops formed from the stringing process project (used as a call when the racket is spun to decide the right to serve first or to choose ends).
    • adv.
      in a manner that lacks gentleness; harshly or violently
    • n.
      a disreputable and violent person;(on a golf course) longer grass around the fairway and the green
    • v.
      work or shape (something) in a rough, preliminary fashion;produce a preliminary and unfinished version of something
    • noun: rough, plural noun: roughs

    • verb: rough, 3rd person present: roughs, gerund or present participle: roughing, past tense: roughed, past participle: roughed

    • 釋義
    • 相關詞
    • 片語
    • adj.
      形容詞
    • 1. having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level:

      they had to carry the victim across the rough, stony ground

      her skin felt dry and rough

    • 2. denoting the face of a tennis or squash racket on which the loops formed from the stringing process project (used as a call when the racket is spun to decide the right to serve first or to choose ends).
    • 3. (of a person or their behaviour) not gentle; violent or boisterous:

      pushchairs should be capable of withstanding rough treatment

    • 4. (of an area or occasion) characterized by violent behaviour:

      the workmen hate going to the rough estates

    • 5. (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy:

      the lifeboat crew braved rough seas to rescue a couple

    • 6. not finished tidily or decoratively; plain and basic:

      the customers sat at rough wooden tables

    • 7. put together as a temporary measure; makeshift:

      he had one arm in a rough sling

    • 8. lacking sophistication or refinement:

      she took care of him in her rough, kindly way

    • 9. not fully worked out or including every detail:

      he had a rough draft of his new novel

    • 10. (of stationery) used for making preliminary notes:

      rough paper

    • 11. (of a voice) harsh and rasping:

      his voice was rough with barely suppressed fury

    • 12. (of wine or another alcoholic drink) sharp or harsh in taste:

      he refilled the mug with rough cider

    • 13. not exact or precise; approximate:

      they had a rough idea of when the murder took place

      it'll cost about £50, at a rough guess

    • 14. difficult and unpleasant or unfair:

      the teachers gave me a rough time because my image didn't fit

      the first day of a job is rough on everyone

    • 15. unwell:

      the altitude had hit her and she was feeling rough

    • adv.
      副詞
    • 1. in a manner that lacks gentleness; harshly or violently:

      treat 'em rough but treat 'em fair

    • n.
      名詞
    • 1. a disreputable and violent person:

      the rear of the column was attacked by roughs

    • 2. (on a golf course) longer grass around the fairway and the green:

      his second shot lay in the rough

    • 3. a preliminary sketch:

      I did a rough to work out the scale of the lettering

    • 4. an uncut precious stone:

      miners discovered one of the biggest diamond roughs in history

    • v.
      動詞
    • 1. work or shape (something) in a rough, preliminary fashion:

      flat surfaces of wood are roughed down

    • 2. produce a preliminary and unfinished version of something:

      the engineer roughed out a diagram on his notepad

    • 3. make uneven:

      rough up the icing with a palette knife

    • 4. live in discomfort with only basic necessities:

      she'd had to rough it alone in digs

    • n. unnecessary or excessive use of force, for which a penalty may be assessed:

    • both players draw five minutes for roughing

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    • n. unnecessary or excessive use of force, for which a minor penalty may be given:

    • both players draw five minutes for roughing

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    • adj. denoting wood or stone that has been cut with a tool such as an axe, so that its surface is not smooth:

    • rough-hewn logs

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    • n. a person who breaks in or can ride unbroken horses.

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    • adj. denoting wood or stone that has been cut with a tool such as an axe, so that its surface is not smooth:

    • rough-hewn logs

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    • n. a first draft of a piece of writing.

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    • n. a person who is generally of good character but lacks manners, education, or style; a diamond in the rough:

    • my grandfather was a bit of a rough diamond

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    • n.
      the first version of a film after preliminary editing:
    • it was a long time before she could convince a producer to trust her, even with a rough cut

      we have had a rough-cut screening that was a disaster

    • v.
      cut (something) rapidly and without particular attention to quality or accuracy:
    • it would be best to rough-cut the boards to size with a portable saw

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    • IPA[rəf]

    美式

    • adj.
      having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level:
    • they had to carry the victim across the rough, stony ground

      her skin felt dry and rough

    • adv.
      in a manner that lacks gentleness; harshly or violently:
    • treat ’em rough but treat ’em fair
    • n.
      a disreputable and violent person:
    • the rear of the column was attacked by roughs
    • v.
      work or shape (something) in a rough, preliminary fashion:
    • flat surfaces of wood are roughed down

    Powered by New Oxford American Dictionary

  2. 知識+

    • 英文單字rough

      ...粗糙的;表面不平的 Her hands were rough with work. 她的雙手因工作而變得粗糙。 未加工的;粗加工...粗陋的,簡陋的;不講究的 They lived a rough life on a small island. 他們在小島上過著簡陋的生活...

    • the sky get rough

      I won't give up on us even if the sky gets rough 即使天空起了烏雲, 我也不會放棄我倆(的感情) I am still ...

    • rough/coarse/abrasive的不同

      我查牛津字典的結果, rough 只用來形容一個人的行為粗暴, 並不用來形容說話的用字粗野. 這裡講的是說話...