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  1. scratch

    • IPA[skrætʃ]

    美式

    英式

    • vt.
      劃破;撓
    • vi.
      抓; 抓傷;撓癢
    • n.
      劃傷; 擦傷;劃痕
    • adj.
      倉促拼湊的;無讓杆的
    • 過去式:scratched 過去分詞:scratched 現在分詞:scratching

    • 名詞複數:scratches

    • 釋義
    • 同反義
    • 片語

    及物動詞

    • 1. 劃破 the cat scratched me on the arm or scratched my arm 貓抓傷了我的胳膊 to (only or merely or just) scratch the surface of sth. 對某事物(僅僅)作膚淺的探討
    • 2. to scratch one's head 冥思苦想 you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours 你給我好處,我也給你好處
    • 3. 摳出; 戳刻
    • 4. 使…退出比賽; 畫掉…的名字
    • 5. 取消 to scratch the charges 取消收費

    不及物動詞

    • 1. 抓; 抓傷 be careful of the cat, she scratches 小心那隻貓,牠會抓人 a few hens were scratching in the dust of the yard 幾隻母雞在院子裡刨土
    • 2. 撓癢
    • 3. 發出刮擦聲 I scratched very lightly on the window pane 我輕輕地刮窗玻璃
    • 4. 退出比賽

    名詞

    • 1. 劃傷; 擦傷 he got a nasty scratch on his cheek 他臉上有嚴重的抓傷 he came out without a scratch 他毫髮未傷地逃了出來
    • 2. 劃痕 how are we going to remove these scratches from the table? 我們怎麼才能除去桌子上的這些劃痕?
    • 3. the cat was lying in the sun having a scratch 貓躺在陽光下撓癢癢 one scratch with the tip of this arrow and you are dead 只要被這個箭頭蹭到就會喪命
    • 4. 刮擦聲 there was a scratch at the door 門上傳來了抓撓的聲音 the scratch of quill pens on paper 鵝毛筆在紙上發出的沙沙聲
    • 5. 零讓杆 he plays off scratch 他參加無讓杆比賽

    形容詞

    • 1. 倉促拼湊的
    • 2. 無讓杆的

    同義詞

    1. score or mark the surface of (something) with a sharp or pointed object

    2. make a long, narrow superficial wound in the skin of

    3. rub (a part of one's body) with one's fingernails to relieve itching

    4. cancel or strike out (writing) with a pen or pencil

    5. withdraw (a competitor) from a competition

    6. a mark or wound made by scratching

    7. a slight or insignificant wound or injury