- the main body or stalk of a plant or shrub, typically rising above ground but occasionally subterranean.；the stalk supporting a fruit, flower, or leaf, and attaching it to a larger branch, twig, or stalk.
- originate in or be caused by；remove the stems from (fruit or tobacco leaves)
verb: stem, 3rd person present: stems, gerund or present participle: stemming, past tense: stemmed, past participle: stemmed
noun: stem, plural noun: stems
- 1. the main body or stalk of a plant or shrub, typically rising above ground but occasionally subterranean. 同義詞
- ▪ the stalk supporting a fruit, flower, or leaf, and attaching it to a larger branch, twig, or stalk. 同義詞
- 2. a long, thin supportive or main section of something the main stem of the wing feathers
- ▪ the slender part of a wineglass between the base and the bowl her fingers tightened on the stem of her glass
- ▪ the tube of a tobacco pipe Stanley eyed his father over the stem of his pipe
- ▪ a rod or cylinder in a mechanism, for example the sliding shaft of a bolt or the winding pin of a watch the stem of the bolt edged clear
- ▪ a vertical stroke in a letter or musical note.
- 3. the root or main part of a noun, adjective, or other word, to which inflections or formative elements are added.
- ▪ archaic, literary the main line of descent of a family or nation the Hellenic tribes were derived from the Aryan stem
- 4. the main upright timber or metal piece at the bow of a ship, to which the ship's sides are joined the spines and bow stems of abandoned hulks
- 5. US informal a pipe used for smoking crack or opium.
- 1. originate in or be caused by many of the universities' problems stem from rapid expansion
- 2. remove the stems from (fruit or tobacco leaves) her aunt and her mother were stemming currants on the side porch
- 3. (of a boat) make headway against (the tide or current) if the wind will only freshen a little, we shall be able to stem the first of the flood