- the combination in one firm of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate firms.
noun: vertical integration
Vertical integration is the combination of firms with operations in different, but successive...
天啊，不要為了點數用翻譯軟體亂翻。investor concern - 投資人顧慮vertical integration - 垂直整合rationalized production - 合理化生產following ...
The Supply Chain of Vertical Integration - Such as Taiwan's manufacturing industries