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  1. by

    • KK[baɪ]
    • DJ[bai]


    • prep.
    • adv.
    • 釋義
    • 同反義
    • 相關詞


    • 1. 被,由 The homework was assigned by the teacher. 這些家庭作業是老師布置的。
    • 2. 靠,用,透過 They crossed the river by ferry. 他們乘渡船過了河。
    • 3. 經由;沿 Ellen flew to Chicago by way of Minneapolis. 艾倫經由明尼阿波利斯飛往芝加哥。
    • 4. 在……旁邊,靠近;在……手邊 I haven't got any money by me. 我身邊沒有帶錢。
    • 5. 不遲於;在……之前 We had to get there by evening. 我們必須在夜晚前抵達那裡。
    • 6. 根據,按照 How do you know he didn't act by the rules? 你怎麼知道他沒有按規定行事的?
    • 7. (表程度)相差 He missed the bus by three minutes. 他晚了三分鐘沒趕上那班公車。
    • 8. 憑,對……(發誓) I swear by God! 我對上帝發誓!
    • 9. (乘除法上)以……,用……(乘或除) Nine divided by three makes three. 九除以三得三。
    • 10. 以……計,按 You'll be paid by the hour. 你的薪資將按時計酬。
    • 11. 在……的時候 He had to sleep by day and work by night. 他只好白天睡覺,晚上工作。
    • 12. 就……來說,關於 Philip is a doctor by profession. 菲力浦的職業是醫生。
    • 13. (表連續或反覆)逐個;逐批 The teacher explained the text sentence by sentence. 教師逐句講解了這篇課文。
    • 14. 由於 She took my umbrella by mistake. 她誤拿了我的傘。


    • 1. 經過;過去 A truck went by. 一輛卡車開過。
    • 2. 在旁邊 When I filled out the form she was standing by all the time. 我填寫表格時,她一直站在我身旁。
    • 3. (放)在一邊 They put money by for later use. 他們儲存錢以備將來使用。
    • 4. 【美】【口】到(或進入)某人的家 Please come by and have dinner with us. 請到我家來一起吃晚飯。


    prep. 在……旁邊,靠近

    • pref.
    • ph.
      (指時間)過去, 消逝 Time goes by quickly on vacation. 假期的時間過得快。 As time goes by my memory seems to get worse. 隨著時間的流逝, 我的記憶力似乎越來越差。
    • ph.
      (勉強)過活; (勉強)對付過去 She can't get by on such a small income. 靠這麼少的收入, 她無法維持生活。 He can get by with his old overcoat this winter. 今年冬天他可以靠那件舊大衣勉強對付過去。
    • ph.
      支持; 幫助 No matter what happens, I'll stand by you, so don't be afraid. 不管發生什麼我一定支持你, 所以你不用害怕。
    • ph.
      把...放在一邊 When I entered, she put by the letter she was reading. 我進去後, 她把她正在看的信放在一邊。
    • ph.
      遵從; 遵守 They abide by their resolution. 他們不移初志。 She will abide by her promise. 她會遵守諾言的。
    • ph.
      忠於 They vowed to stick by one another no matter what happened. 他們立誓生死與共。 Her husband stuck by her in good times and bad. 無論境遇好壞她的丈夫都對她忠貞不渝。
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    • IPA[baɪ]



    • prep.
      a building destroyed by fire 燒燬的大樓 I was startled by her reaction 她的反應令我大吃一驚
    • adv.
      經過 the car roared by 汽車呼嘯而過 she walked on by without stopping 她走過去,沒有停留
    • adv
      不久; 終於 by and by she met an old man with a beard 不久她見到了一位留鬍子的老人
    • 靠,用,通過,乘坐