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  1. by

    • IPA[baɪ]

    美式

    英式

    • prep.
      被;由…創作
    • adv.
      經過;在附近
    • adv
      不久; 終於;大體上
    • 釋義
    • 同反義
    • prep.
      介系詞
    • 1. 被

      a building destroyed by fire 燒燬的大樓

      I was startled by her reaction 她的反應令我大吃一驚

    • 2. 由…創作

      a novel by Virginia Woolf 弗吉尼婭·伍爾夫寫的一部小說

      who's it by? 這是誰創作的?

    • 3. 用

      you can reach me by phone 你可以打電話找我

      to pay by cheque 用支票付賬

    • 4. 經由

      we entered by the back door 我們從後門進入

      we'll get there quicker if we go by Birmingham 如果從伯明翰走的話,我們會更快到達那裡

    • 5. 在…旁邊

      by the bed/the window 在床邊/窗邊

      come and sit by me 過來坐在我邊上

    • 6. 經過

      she walked by me 她從我身邊走過

      a car sped by our house 一輛汽車從我們家前面飛馳而過

    • 7. 在…之前

      it must be done by next Thursday 這件事必須在下週四前完成

      they should have been here by now 他們現在本應該到這兒了

    • 8. 在…期間

      to travel by day 白天旅行

      by day as well as by night 日以繼夜

    • 9. 達

      prices have risen by 20% 價格上升了20%

      he's taller than me by two centimetres 他比我高兩釐米

    • 10. 以

      10 multiplied by 5 is 50 10乘以5等於50

    • 11. 按

      to pay by the hour 按小時付酬

      to sell sth. by the dozen/the kilo 按打/按公斤出售某物

    • 12. 接著

      day by day 日復一日地

      one by one 一個接著一個地

    • 13. 由…所生

      he has two children by his first wife 他和第一任妻子有兩個孩子

    • 14. 由於

      by accident/mistake 偶然地/無意地

      by candlelight/moonlight 藉著燭光/月光

    • 15. 根據

      by the rules/by law 依據規則/法律

      what time is it by your watch? 你的表現在幾點了?

    • 16. 關於

      she had done her duty by him 她對他已經盡到責任了

      by birth/nature 生來/天生地

    • 17. 偏

      north by north west 西北偏北

    • 18. 以…的名義

      I swear by Almighty God 我以全能上帝之名發誓

    • adv.
      副詞
    • 1. 經過

      the car roared by 汽車呼嘯而過

      she walked on by without stopping 她走過去,沒有停留

    • 2. 在附近

      he lives close by 他就住在附近

    • 3. 保留著

      I have some money by 我存了些錢

    • 4. 短暫來訪

      did you have anyone by tonight? 今晚有人來過你家嗎?

    • adv
    • 1. 不久; 終於

      by and by she met an old man with a beard 不久她見到了一位留鬍子的老人

    • 2. 大體上

      by and large, I enjoyed my time at school 總體而言,我上學時很愉快

    • 3. 獨自地

      she was sitting by herself 她一個人坐著

      he did it all by himself 他全憑自己完成了這事

    • 4. 順便

      where's John, by the by? 順便問一下,約翰在哪兒?

    • 5. 無關緊要

      but that's by the by 但那無關緊要

  2. 知識+

    • by the time 以及同位語

      1. By the time (when) he passed away, a mere ten years later...過去式就可以了,不必寫成[過去完成式]來強調在另一件事之前,何況by the time...這個介系詞片語是用來提供he was an internaitonally ...

    • by的用法? 我不太會

      ...資料;請注意我劃底線及粗體字的地方 應該可以幫到您) by 被;藉由;在旁邊 A 當介系詞 1.在被動語態裡...4.2by也有「經過」的意思: The bus flew by me before I could stop it. 我還沒來得及招手...

    • by的相關用法

      1.簡單介系詞:"被"的意思 2.by=not later than 表示某是發生在某一特定時刻,或此特定時刻之前...點中之前要歸還這片DVD。 >>表示不能睌於星期一晚上6點鐘。 3.by=beside 在....旁邊, 靠近 Eg: Dee is going to sit by/beside...